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Home>Major Activities>Seminars and Workshops in 2015>Workshop on Improving Pitaya Production and Marketing

September 7-9, 2015
Fengshan Tropical Horticultural Experiment Branch, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
Southern Horticultural Research Institute
Background / Highlights of Activity

Background and Rationale:

Pitaya or dragon fruit (Hylocereus spp. and Selenicereus spp.) is a climbing-vine cactus species native to the tropical forest regions of Mexico and Central and South America. In the past two decades, it has gained popularity among producers, exporters and consumers alike in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam where agro-environmental conditions are conducive for growing this fruit plant. In Vietnam alone, its cultivation area is reaching near 30,000 hectares with 640,000 ton of fruit products in 2013. And several factors are accountable for the popularity of this crop: 1) high net returns; 2) functional properties because of its high level of antioxidants; and 3) emerging export potential to high-value markets in developed countries due to its uniqueness and health benefits. Pitaya also shows certain agronomic features that improve its potential as a replacement crop with high commercial value. These characteristics include: 1) the relative ease of propagation by cuttings; 2) its relatively low crop maintenance; 3) the short turnaround time between planting and harvesting compared to other tropical fruit trees; 4) its high yield rate; and 5) as a perennial crop, with proper care, it can provide a steady income.

However, on the negative side, many factors limit pitaya potential productivity and downgrade fruit quality. Among them, heavy rainfall events or poor crop management practices such as over-watering can cause flowers to drop, and fruit to split or rot. Apart from limiting the pitaya crop to reach its yield potential, prevailing poor production technologies also lead to serious occurrences of diseases and pests. Currently, anthracnose, stem canker, brown stem spots, and fruit rot are prevalent in major pitaya growing areas in the Asian-Pacific region. And the emerging infectious stem canker has recently caused collapses of many pitaya orchards in Southeast Asia. Protection measures to control these diseases with chemical pesticides are not only costly to small-scale farmers, they also can disrupt natural biological control, and are damaging to human health and the environment. On the other hand, to access higher-value markets of local, regional or international importance, pitaya fruit products need to be free from diseases, pests, blemishes and pesticide residues, along with desirable size, shape, color and taste. Addressing these issues, the implementation of integrated crop management systems including the use of healthy planting materials can improve yield and quality, forcing culture techniques extend the harvest season, and Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), which involve a systematic, stepwise on-farm operation, assure fruit product safety and quality that will benefit both farmers and consumers.

Therefore, the Food and Fertilizer Technology Center (FFTC) for the Asian and Pacific Region, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute (TARI), and the Southern Horticultural Research Institute (SOFRI) in Vietnam join hands to organize the workshop to share the latest advances in understanding the constraints limiting pitaya production and marketing as well as newly-developed doable technologies such as optimal spacing, trellising, disease diagnosis, integrated pest management, pruning, phenology manipulation, and GAP that increase pitaya productivity, safety and marketability.

Workshop Objectives:

1) To contribute to the improvement in pitaya productivity, safety and marketability

2) To share the current state of pitaya research

3) To identify areas for collaboration in research and exchange of plant materials


Fengshan Tropical Horticultural Experiment Branch (FTHEB), which is a branch of Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute. The Branch was established in 1940 for the improvement of fruit and vegetables adaptable to tropical and sub-tropical environments. Its 64-hectare site is located in Kaohsiung City (22°33' N and 120°22'E) where average temperature during summer is around 33 degrees Celsius and average rainfall in the wet season could reach 2,000 mm. FTHEB with 70-plus research and technical staffs under four research departments has been successful at breeding and selecting tropical fruit and vegetables, improving diagnostic and research techniques, and developing innovative pre-harvest and post-harvest management systems to enhance productivity and quality.

Program  pdf(707.11KB)(459)



1.   Thirty One Years of Research and Development in the Vine Cacti Pitaya Cultivation in Israel
      Yosef Mizrahi      pdf(2.88MB)(548)


2.   Status of Dragon Fruit Cultivation and Marketing in Indonesia
      Irwan Muas and Jumjunidang      pdf(1.34MB)(561)

3.   Status of Dragon Fruit Production in Malaysia
      M. Zainudin and B. Ahmad Hafiz      pdf(1.03MB)(564)

4.   Pitaya Production and Marketing Scenario in Myanmar: Current Status and Challenges
      Zaw Htun Myint      pdf(798.05KB)(487)

5.   Dragon Fruit Production and Marketing in the Philippines: Its Status, Constraints and Prospects
      Leonardo T. Pascua, Miriam E. Pascua and Maura Luisa S. Gabriel      pdf(1.59MB)(651)


6.   Pitaya Breeding Strategies for Improving Commercial Potential in Taiwan
      Pi-Chuan Liu, Shang-Han Tsai, and Chung-Ruey Yen      pdf(776.16KB)(465)

7.   Development of Integrated Crop Management Systems for Pitaya in Taiwan
      Yi-Lu Jiang and Wen-Ju Yang      pdf(1.22MB)(465)

8.   Pitaya Reproductive Phenology in Relation to Production System
      Yi-Lu Jiang and Wen-Ju Yang      pdf(1.12MB)(445)


9.   Fungal Diseases of Pitaya in Malaysia
      Masratul Hawa Mohd, Baharuddin Salleh and Latiffah Zakaria      pdf(1.21MB)(517)

10. Diseases of Dragon Fruit in Thailand: Incidence and Management Strategies
      Pornpimon Athipunyakom, Suneerat Seemadua, and Chanintorn Doungsa-ard      pdf(1.46MB)(609)

11. Pathogen Identification and Management of Pitaya Canker and Soft Rot in Taiwan
      Chu-Ping Lin, Hui-Fang Ni, Pao-Jen Ann, Hong-Ren Yang, Jiao-Wen Huang, Ming-Fuh Chuang, S.L. Shu , S.Y. Lai, Yi-Lu Jiang, and Jyh-Nong Tsai      pdf(1.47MB)(507)

12. Viral Diseases of Pitaya and Other Cactaceae Plants
      Yong-Shi Li, Ching-Hua Mao, Ting-Yi Kuo, and Ya-Chun Chang      pdf(1.02MB)(598)

13. Management Strategies of Major Pitaya Diseases in Vietnam
      Nguyen Thanh Hieu and Nguyen Van Hoa      pdf(1.40MB)(449)

14. Study of Insect Pests and Development of Their Control Measures on Dragon Fruit
      Le Quoc Dien and Nguyen Van Hoa      pdf(1.25MB)(491)


15. Development and Implementation of GAP on Pitaya in Vietnam: Status and Challenges
      Nguyen Van Hoa , John Campbell, Nguyen Huu Hoang, and Nguyen Minh Chau      pdf(1.14MB)(447)

16. Value Chain Initiatives for Dragon Fruit (Pitaya) Market Development
      John Malcolm Campbell, Nguyen Van Hoa, Nguyen Minh Chau, and Nguyen Huu Hoang      pdf(1.11MB)(484)


17. Off-Season Flowering Treatment by Lighting Red Pulp Dragon Fruit in Gia Lam District, Hanoi, Vietnam
      Nguyen Quoc Hung and Nguyen Thi Thu Huong      pdf(187.39KB)(465)

18. Production Potential of Pitaya in the U.S. Virgin Islands
      Thomas W. Zimmerman, Carlos Montilla and Stafford M.A. Crossman      pdf(199.31KB)(386)

19. Dragon Fruit: The New Money Crop in the Coastal Areas of Northwestern Cagayan
      Marilou B. Agaid, Amedita D. Ampe, and Jennilyn A. Tayawa      pdf(205.71KB)(454)

20. Sustaining and Improving Pitaya Production in Abiotic Stress Environments: A Case Study in Penghu, Taiwan
      Yu-Chun Chu, Wen-Hao Lee, and Jer-Chia Chang      pdf(201.91KB)(364)

21. Taiwan’s New Growers Group Expands and Promotes Pitaya
      Yu-Hsien Lin      pdf(181.43KB)(377)

Proceedings (32MB)    pdf(31.66MB)(597)
Highlights of the Workshop on Improving Pitaya Production and Marketing